India to Have 2.9 Million More People Than China by Mid-2023, UN Estimate Shows

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By YP Rajesh

NEW DELHI, India (Reuters) – India will surpass China in population by mid-year, with an increase of almost 3,000,000 people, according to data released Wednesday by the United Nations.

According to the UNFPA's 'State of World Population Report 2023', India's population is estimated at 1,4286 billion or 1,428.6 millions compared with China's 1.4257 billion.

Data showed that the United States is in a distant third place, with an estimated 340 million people. The report stated that the data is based on information as of February 20, 2023.

Using data from the UN, population experts predicted that India would surpass China in this month. The latest report by the global body didn't specify a specific date when the shift would occur.

UN officials said that it was impossible to give a specific date because of the 'uncertainty" about data from India and China. This is especially true since India's most recent census was in 2011, and the next due in 2021 was delayed due to pandemic.

China has seen a faster rate of population growth than India, despite the fact that both Asian giants will make up more than a third of the global population estimated at 8.45 billion.

China's population dropped for the first six decades last year. This is a historical turn which will likely mark the beginning of a long decline in the number of its citizens with significant implications for China's economy and for the rest of the world.

According to data from the government, India's population has grown by an average of 1.2% annually since 2011. This compares with 1.7% over the previous 10 years.

In a press release, Andrea Wojnar said that the findings of the Indian survey suggest that population anxiety has permeated large sections of Indian society.

"Yet the population numbers shouldn't cause alarm or anxiety. She said that they should instead be seen as symbols of progress, growth, and aspirations, if individual choices and rights are upheld.