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Russia failed to launch two multimillion-dollar satellites that were to have provided Indonesia and Russia with telecom services, casting new doubt on a once-pioneering space industry.
Russia’s space agency said the failure of the upper stage of the launch atop its workhorse Proton rocket led to the loss of Indonesia’s Telkom-3 and Russia’s Express MD2 satellites.
The error happened after take-off from the Russian-leased Baikonur launch pad in Kazakhstan late on Monday. The total loss of the two satellites was estimated at $100-$150m, a space industry source told Interfax news agency.
Moscow, which carries out 40 per cent of global space launches, is struggling to restore confidence in its industry after a string of mishaps last year, including the failure of a mission to return samples from the Martian moon Phobos and the loss of a $265m communications satellite.
Space agency Roskosmos said in a statement that the Briz-M booster had fired its engines on schedule but they had burnt for only seven of the programmed 18 minutes and 5 seconds needed to push the satellites into orbit.
“The chances that the satellites will separate from the booster and reach the designated orbit are practically non-existent,” an industry source told the state news agency RIA.
Proton rocket launches will probably be suspended pending analysis of the failure, the Russian industry source said.
“The last failures to a certain extent undermine Russia’s position as a country that provides space launch services,” said Yuri Karash, a member of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics.
Such mistakes strengthen Russia’s competitors, such as Europe’s Arian rockets, Mr Karash said, describing Russia’s space industry, struggling to recover after a generation of brain drain and crimped budgets, as “not in the best condition by a long shot”.
He added, however, that problems with the Briz-M upper stage did not necessarily throw into doubt the reliability of the Proton booster as a whole.
Telkom-3, the first satellite Jakarta had purchased from Moscow, was built by Russia’s ISS-Reshetnev with communication equipment made by French-led satellite maker Thales Alenia Space. It had a capacity of 42 active transponders to cater to the growing demand of Indonesia’s satellite business service.
Express MD2 was a small communication satellite, made by the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Centre, for the Russian Satellite Communications Company.